Field study of the natural mineral biochar application to control common psylla Agonoscena pistaciae (Hemiptera: Aphalaridae) on two pistachio cultivars
کد مقاله : 1043-11THCBIOCONTROL (R1)
محمد کاظم ایران‌نژاد پاریزی *1، محمد امین سمیع2، مهدی ضیاءالدینی2، زهرا شعبانی2، محمد مجیدی کوه بنانی3
1گروه گیاه‌پزشکی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه ولی‌عصر (عج) رفسنجان
2گروه گیاهپزشکی، دانشکده‌ی کشاورزی، دانشگاه ولی عصر (عج) رفسنجان
3گروه فرآوری مواد معدنی، دانشگاه علمی کاربردی، کرمان، ایران
چکیده مقاله:
The natural mineral biochar of Kouhbanan is a biological and environmentally friendly composition, the list of genomes in it has been registered in the NCBI system. In this research, the effectiveness of natural biochar to control Agonoscena pistaciae (Hemiptera: Aphalaridae) was evaluated on two pistachio cultivars, Kaleghochi and Fandoghi, under field conditions. Field studies were conducted on 40-year-old pistachio trees, including winter fighting and foliar spraying of trunks and branches, the second fight against wintering insects, pistachio psylla, at the same time as the buds swell, and the third fight during the fruit formation stage. Determining the changes in the population of wintering insects of pistachio psylla was done by installing yellow cards. After 10 days, the cards were collected and the insects were counted. The rate of capture of whole insects in two cultivars was compared using two-way analysis of variance. The average population of pistachio psylla insects attracted to yellow cards in the control treatment on the Kaleghochi and the Fandoghi variety 394.50±126.253 and 347.20±70.05 and in the Biochar treatment it was 245.90±61.79 and 194.50±73.007 insects, respectively. There was a significant difference between the insect population in the biochar treatment and the control, but the effect of the type of pistachio variety and the interaction effect of the treatment and the type of variety were not significant. The effect of treatment is 0.457, which shows a high level. Based on the obtained results, the use of biochar reduced the density of insect population in both varieties of pistachios.
کلیدواژه ها:
Natural mineral biochar, Agonoscena pistaciae, Biological control, Pistachio cultivars, Yellow card
وضعیت : چکیده برای ارائه به صورت پوستر پذیرفته شده است